Ames Family Response to Apologies

Ames Family Rejects Apologies of City of Phoenix Mayor, and Police Chief.

Monday, June 17th, 2019

FAMILY BRUTALIZED AND VIOLATED BY PHOENIX POLICE TO HOLD PRESS CONFERENCE TODAY AT 11:00AM OUTSIDE OF THE MAIN ENTRANCE TO PHOENIX CITY HALL IN RESPONSE TO MAYOR AND POLICE CHIEF’S “MEANINGLESS SHAM APOLOGY AND CONTINUED LACK OF SUBSTANTIVE ACTION” TO FIRE AND DISCIPLINE ALL OFFICERS INVOLVED IN ATTACK THAT OUTRAGED MILLIONS.

“YOU WILL NOT INSULT US,” SAYS KATT MCKINNEY OF BLACK WOMEN OF FAITH.

NEW ALLEGATIONS OF ABUSE RELATED TO THE VIOLENT ENCOUNTER WILL BE REVEALED, AS THE MOTHER INVOLVED RECOUNTS HER BODY SEARCH BY MALE OFFICER AND HIS FAILURE TO CALL FOR OR WAIT FOR A FEMALE OFFICER.

THE FAMILY, THEIR LAWYERS, AND SPOKESMEN WILL ALSO DETAIL THE LIES AND SLANDEROUS DEMONIZATIONS THAT POLICE ATTEMPTED TO PASS OFF AS FACTS TO THE MEDIA IN THE NOW WIDELY CRITICIZED POLICE REPORT. 

MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY WILL ALSO OUTLINE PLANS FOR A PROTEST OF THE MAYOR AND POLICE CHIEF’S PLANNED TUESDAY MEETING AND WEDNESDAY’S COUNCIL MEETING. FURY BUILDS. 

MASS MARCH BEING PLANNED FOR THURSDAY TO DEMAND OFFICERS INVOLVED IN AMES-HARPER FAMILY ASSAULT BE FIRED IMMEDIATELY…

Phoenix, AZ – As the City of Phoenix continues to reel from national outrage over two damning videos that captured police officers assaulting and abusing an innocent Black Family over an alleged theft of a dollar-store doll, the community is mobilizing for mass action intended to pressure elected officials to take action, including the firing of the officers involved. Outrage grows.

At 11:00AM TODAY, Dravon Ames and his fiancé Iesha Harper will join the Rev. Jarrett Maupin, Katt Mckinney of Black Women of Faith, their lawyers, and community members outside of the main entrance of Phoenix’ City Hall to respond to what the family and the public are describing as, “The meaningless sham apologies and continued lack of substantive action” of the Mayor and Police Chief with respect to their failures to properly discipline, terminate, and reform a citizen abuse-prone police force. 

The group will debunk and denounce the police report of this incident. Glaring omissions and altered facts that contradict video tape will be outlined and condemned. Ames and Harper will also speak about failed attempts by police to destroy and assassinate their character. 

The family and their representatives will also share, for the first time, Iesha’s gut-wrenching account of her body search by a male police officer who refused to call or wait for a female officer to conduct it. Ms. Harper was not guilty of committing any crime and the officer has not been fired. 

Members of the community will also outline protest plans for THURSDAY of THIS WEEK, intended to increase pressure on city leaders to fire all of the officers involved in this incident and adopt the 12 POINT PLAN residents submitted to police. The department has FAILED to implement the community recommendations for policy and procedural reforms for more than half a decade. Community members say the police department is hostile to civil rights and guilty of collusion to violate the Constitutional rights of people of color.

The press conference will also detail plans for protests at the planned TUESDAY meeting organized by the Mayor to try and mislead and manipulate the community with, “More lies and false promises that mean absolutely nothing.”

“There are a lot of new facts, new abuse allegations, and new attacks on this family to unpack,” says Rev. Maupin, “The Family continues to be victimized by Phoenix Police but that will not deter them from their quest for justice and reform. The officers involved must be fired and policies and procedures must be strengthened. There will be a change. We must demand it.”

Media Contact: 480.363.1090

Press Conference, 11AM, TODAY (06/17)

Outside the main entrance of

Phoenix City Hall 

200 W. Washington Street

Phoenix, AZ 85003

Confront the #PolicingCrisis In #Phoenix

Come out to support the families and victims of the City of Phoenix Policing Crisis, and speak along with them to City Council Members on why this problem in our community must be addressed.

This is a National, International and Humanitarian Crisis that we must SPEAK ON! 

#PolicingCrisis

#PHXPOLICINGCRISIS

#NationalPolicingCrisis

#12PointPlan

More Info:

1. Request to Speak

The public may request to address the Council regarding an agenda item by submitting a yellow “Request to Speak” card at the meeting, or may submit a white card to state their support or opposition to an item for the record without speaking. Individuals wishing to speak or submit their position on an item should arrive and submit a card by the beginning of the meeting, before action is taken on the item. 

2. Citizen Comments

Citizen Comments are heard for up to 30 minutes (unless extended by the Chair) before adjournment or recess of the formal meeting provided a quorum of the Council is present. Additional time for Citizen Comments may be allowed at the discretion of the presiding officer. ANY member of the public may address the Council to comment on issues of interest or concern to them. Citizen Comments will be televised as part of the formal meeting. Members of the public will be given a maximum of three minutes each to address the Council. In compliance with the Arizona Open Meeting Law, the City Council cannot discuss or take formal action on any matter raised during Citizen Comments.

3. Accommodations

An assistive listening system is available in the City Council Chambers to assist individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. Headset units for this system are available at the front table in the Council Chambers. In addition, with 72 hours advance notification, the City Clerk’s Office will provide sign language interpreting services. 

Hey Hey, Ho Ho, These Racists Cops Have Got to Go!

FRIDAY NIGHT March & Rally 7:00PM!

Join us as the COMMUNITY marches and rallies against racism and police brutality after NEW EVIDENCE has come forward proving the Phoenix Police Department is riddled with racist police! (See Latest News Articles Below)

NOW WE HAVE IRREFUTABLE, UNDENIABLE, OUTRAGEOUS PROOF OF ACTIVE RACISTS WITHIN THE PHOENIX POLICE DEPARTMENT!

It is time to shut down the city! SHUT IT DOWN!

Come and show your support for the families and victims of police racism and brutality!

Stand side by side with the families of Michelle Cusseaux, Jacob Harris, Edward Brown, and others as they lead the community on a march and rally through downtown and at police headquarters!

Show up, show out, shut down the streets as we demand the officers involved in this blatant racist and culture of discrimination be FIRED!

We will gather at 620 W. Washington Street (Phx PD HQ) at 7:00pm on THIS FRIDAY! (June 7th)

We will no longer tolerate the abuse, racism, hostility, prejudice, bigotry, and physical / verbal violence openly practiced on our community by Phoenix Police officers!

JOIN THE COMMUNITY and make your voices heard! BRING SIGNS, BRING FRIENDS, BRING YOUR LOUD VOICES AND DEMANDS FOR JUSTICE AND ACCOUNTABILITY as we take bold action to demand the badges of racists!

DETAILS:

Join the families of police brutality and racism victims as we stand up to the EXPOSED culture of racism and violence against BLACK AND LATINO residents within the Phoenix PD!

7:00PM FRIDAY (June 7th)

Outside of

Phoenix Police Headquarters
620 W. Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003

BE PRESENT FOR THE MARCH AND RALLY!

SHOW UP, STAND UP, SPEAK UP!

As we mobilize the masses and shut down the streets of downtown to DEMAND that racist police be immediately FIRED!

SEE ARTICLES BELOW:

https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/phoenix/2019/06/03/phoenix-police-officers-facebook-posts-include-racist-violent-commentary/1331941001/

https://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/phoenix-cops-bash-muslims-immigrants-and-black-people-online-11306928

blm #blacklivesmatter #blacklivesmatteraz

blacklivesmatterarizona #phx #az

policebrutality #racism #civilrights #justice

Hey Hey, Ho Ho, Racists Cops Have Got to Go!

FRIDAY NIGHT March & Rally 7:00PM!

Join us as the COMMUNITY marches and rallies against racism and police brutality after NEW EVIDENCE has come forward proving the Phoenix Police Department is riddled with racist police! (See Latest News Articles Below)

NOW WE HAVE IRREFUTABLE, UNDENIABLE, OUTRAGEOUS PROOF OF ACTIVE RACISTS WITHIN THE PHOENIX POLICE DEPARTMENT!

It is time to shut down the city! SHUT IT DOWN!

Come and show your support for the families and victims of police racism and brutality!

Stand side by side with the families of Michelle Cusseaux, Jacob Harris, Edward Brown, and others as they lead the community on a march and rally through downtown and at police headquarters!

Show up, show out, shut down the streets as we demand the officers involved in this blatant racist and culture of discrimination be FIRED!

We will gather at 620 W. Washington Street (Phx PD HQ) at 7:00pm on THIS FRIDAY! (June 7th)

We will no longer tolerate the abuse, racism, hostility, prejudice, bigotry, and physical / verbal violence openly practiced on our community by Phoenix Police officers!

JOIN THE COMMUNITY and make your voices heard! BRING SIGNS, BRING FRIENDS, BRING YOUR LOUD VOICES AND DEMANDS FOR JUSTICE AND ACCOUNTABILITY as we take bold action to demand the badges of racists!

DETAILS:

Join the families of police brutality and racism victims as we stand up to the EXPOSED culture of racism and violence against BLACK AND LATINO residents within the Phoenix PD!

7:00PM FRIDAY (June 7th)

Outside of

Phoenix Police Headquarters
620 W. Washington Street
Phoenix, AZ 85003

BE PRESENT FOR THE MARCH AND RALLY!

SHOW UP, STAND UP, SPEAK UP!

As we mobilize the masses and shut down the streets of downtown to DEMAND that racist police be immediately FIRED!

SEE ARTICLES BELOW:

https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/phoenix/2019/06/03/phoenix-police-officers-facebook-posts-include-racist-violent-commentary/1331941001/

https://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/phoenix-cops-bash-muslims-immigrants-and-black-people-online-11306928

blm #blacklivesmatter #blacklivesmatteraz

blacklivesmatterarizona #phx #az

policebrutality #racism #civilrights #justice

Memorial Day Started by Slaves

Did You Know?

Memorial Day was started by former slaves on May, 1, 1865, (post Civil war) in Charleston, SC to honor 257 dead Union Soldiers who were buried in a mass grave in a Confederate prison camp? They dug up the bodies working for 2 weeks to give them a proper burial as gratitude for fighting for their freedom. Afterwards a parade of 10,000 people led by 2,800 Black children marched, sang and celebrated.

During the Civil war, Union soldiers, who were prisoners of war being held at the Charleston Race Course, died and were buried in unmarked graves. Together with teachers and missionaries, Black residents of Charleston organized a May Day ceremony in 1865, which was covered by the New York Tribune and other national papers.

The Black freedmen cleaned up and landscaped the burial ground, and built an enclosure and an arch labeled, “Martyrs of the Race Course.”

Nearly ten thousand people, mostly Black freedmen, gathered on May 1 to commemorate the dead soldiers. Involved were 2800 school children newly enrolled in freedmen’s schools, mutual aid societies, Union troops, Black ministers, and white northern missionaries. Most brought flowers to lay on the burial field.

Today the site is used as Hampton Park. Years later, the celebration would come to be called the “First Decoration Day” in the North.

Whites Super Humanize Blacks Leading to Imperial Dehumanization Studies Suggest

 A recent study proves white people may possess a bias which causes them to associate black people with superhuman qualities, which may lead ultimately to dehumanization practices. Proof that their mentality towards Blacks is precluded by misconceptions and expressed with fear.

SUPERHUMAN -   being above the human :divine:  exceeding normal human power, size, or capability : having such power, size, or capability magical, miraculous, phenomenal, preternatural,supernatural, supernormal, transcendent, transcendental, uncanny, unearthly.

SUPERHUMAN – being above the human :divine: exceeding normal human power, size, or capability : having such power, size, or capability magical, miraculous, phenomenal, preternatural,supernatural, supernormal, transcendent, transcendental, uncanny, unearthly.

“A Superhumanization Bias in Whites’ Perceptions of Blacks,” published in the Journal Social Psychological and Personality Science, examines the idea that black people have been historically dehumanized, “from constitutional denial of full legal personhood to enslavement.”

In the first test– researchers Kelly Marie Hoffman and Sophie Trawalter, of the University of Virginia, and Adam Waytz, of Northwestern University, performed Implicit Association Tests. White participants were asked to associate certain words to images of a person. It was found that white people were more likely to link words commonly associated with the supernatural, (ghost, paranormal, spirit, wizard, supernatural, magic, mystical), to pictures of black people, and more likely to link  “human words,” (person, individual, humanity, people, civilian, mankind, citizen), to pictures of white people, New York Magazine reported. These results remained consistent, even as researchers varied the experiments in order to rule out the possibility of bias.

Screen-Shot-2014-11-17-at-11.22.52-AM

In the second test — to account for the possibility that the bias in test one occurred in part because of White-Human associations as opposed to Black-Superhuman associations — the researchers used categorization tasks, again asking participants to quickly associate a word with an image, this time with more groupings, (Black/Human, Black/Superhuman, Black/Subhuman, White/Human, White/Superhuman, White/Subhuman), and asking participants to quickly sort words as belonging to a category based on the image of a face flashed on the screen. They found the same bias present as in study one.

31_gerard_baronsamedi_24x30_nov03

The third test — was a bit more specific. In it, the participants were shown images of both a white person and a black person and were asked to choose which person they believed possessed a series of supernatural abilities. The questions included:

1. Which person is more likely to have superhuman skin that is thick enough that it can withstand the pain of burning hot coals?

2. Which person is more capable of using their supernatural powers to suppress hunger and thirst?
3. Which person is more capable of using supernatural powers to read a person’s mind by touching the person’s head?
4. Which person is more capable of surviving a fall from an airplane without breaking a bone through the use of supernatural powers?
5. Which personal has supernatural quickness that makes them capable of running faster than a fighter jet?
6. Which person has supernatural strength that makes them capable of lifting up a tank?

White people chose an image of a black person an overwhelming 63.5 %  of the time for everything except for the abilities to survive a plane crash and read minds.

The final study — “specifically shows superhumanization of blacks predicts denial of pain to Black versus White targets.” The results suggest superhumanization of black individuals may contribute to the undertreatment of pain for black patients because they’re viewed as being able to endure more. (Which supports earlier research from the same authors that showed nurses of any race see black patients as less sensitive to pain than white patients.)

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The authors assert superhumanization may also explain white tolerance for police brutality against black people. The authors of the study suggest that “perhaps people assume that blacks possess extra (superhuman) strength that enables them to endure violence more easily than other humans.”  The authors say their results “might also explain why people consider Black juveniles to be more ‘adult’ than White juveniles when judging culpability.”

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How is this bias reflected in American culture? Sportscasters discussing fast-twitch muscle fiber, stereotypes about genitalia, and phrases like “black don’t crack” are common.

The Boston Globe pointed out a Los Angeles Times op-ed from 2007 calling out the elevation of Barack Obama as a savior figure by some who had outsized expectations of his ability to single-handedly effect change.

The Boston Globe pointed out a Los Angeles Times op-ed from 2007 calling out the elevation of Barack Obama as a savior figure by some who had outsized expectations of his ability to single-handedly effect change.

The paper cites Director Spike Lee's famous criticism of the way black characters are portrayed in Hollywood films like The Green Mile or The Legend of Bagger Vance: "These films all have these magical, mystical Negroes who show up as some sort of spirit or angel, but only to benefit the white characters."

The paper cites Director Spike Lee’s famous criticism of the way black characters are portrayed in Hollywood films like The Green Mile or The Legend of Bagger Vance: “These films all have these magical, mystical Negroes who show up as some sort of spirit or angel, but only to benefit the white characters.”

The phenomenon has received virtually no empirical attention thus far, according to the authors, though the studies “demonstrate this phenomenon at an explicit level,” showing that “whites preferentially attribute superhuman capacities to blacks versus whites.”

And while imbuing a group of people with superhuman abilities might seem like a complimentary thing on the surface, the study contends this bias leads to dehumanization on the personal and political level.

The Good Ship Jesus | The Beginning of the Slave Trade

Jesus of Lubeck (Name of first Slave Ship to Grace the America's.) Jesus of Lubeck (Name of first Slave Ship to Grace the America’s.)

What has come to be referred to as “The Good Ship Jesus” was in fact the “Jesus of Lubeck,” a 700-ton ship purchased by King Henry VIII from the Hanseatic League, a merchant alliance between the cities of Hamburg and Lubeck in Germany. Twenty years after its purchase the ship, in disrepair, was lent to Sir John Hawkins by Queen Elizabeth.

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(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({
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Hawkins, a cousin of Sir Francis Drake, was granted permission from Queen Elizabeth for his first voyage in 1562. He was allowed to carry Africans to the Americas “with their own free consent” and he agreed to this condition. Hawkins had a reputation for being a religious man who required his crew to “serve God daily” and to love one another. Sir Francis Drake accompanied Hawkins on this voyage and subsequent others. Drake, was himself, devoutly religious. Services were held on board twice a day.

Off the coast of Africa, near Sierra Leone, Hawkins captured 300-500 slaves, mostly by plundering Portuguese ships, but also through violence and subterfuge promising Africans free land and riches in the new world. He sold most of the slaves in what is now known as the Dominican Republic. He returned home with a profit and ships laden with ivory, hides, and sugar. Thus began the slave trade.

Admiral, Slaver John Hawkins Admiral, Slaver John Hawkins

Admiral John Hawkins is often remembered as one of the greatest men in the early English navy. Along with his cousin and companion Sir Francis Drake, he helped defeat the Spanish Armada and cement England’s role as ruler of the seas. But like most men who fell under the category of “Sea Dogs”, his career was filled with a blood-thirsty ruthlessness far removed from the modern ideas of heroes.

More Reading on John Hawkins and His “Crusades” Here: http://www.chroniclesofamerica.com/sea-dogs/john_hawkins_slavers_gentlemen_pirates.htm

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Mississippi Recently Ratifies 13th Amendment

Come on Mississippi! You just now have ratified the 13th Amendment? I found this fact to be quite startling, shocking, and hilarious.

An oversight of document filing from 1995, led to an error that has kept the Law of Slavery unratified in the state of Mississippi. They have inevitability won title as “Last State to Free Their Slaves”, doing so on February 6, 2013!

This discovery was made by an unsuspecting citizen, inspired to learn of his own state ratification date by the movie “Lincoln”.

(This document was historically adopted by the government on January 31, 1865.)

Read Full Story Here: http://m.nydailynews.com/1.1267133

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James Hood – One of First Blacks to Break Racial Education Barrier Dies

James Hood (1943-2013)

James Hood (1943-2013)

James Hood, made famous by the “stand in the schoolhouse door” policy, died at his home in Alabama, Thursday, at age 70.  He was thrust into the national spotlight during a long fight to attend college in his home state of Alabama at the height of the civil rights movement.  Alabama was the last state to integrate its education system.

On June 11, 1963, after a U.S. court ruling ordering Alabama to desegregate, James Hood and Vivian Malone attempted to register for classes at the University of Alabama, but they were blocked at the door by then-Gov. Wallace and several state troopers.

Later that day, President John F. Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard and issued a presidential proclamation ordering Wallace to execute federal court orders that would allow Hood and Malone to enroll at the university.

Guardsmen then escorted Hood and Malone via a side door into the school auditorium, where Wallace stepped aside and allowed the two to register.

Later that evening, Kennedy addressed the nation and called for sweeping civil rights legislation that would ban discrimination in all public places.

Wallace had long proclaimed he would stand at the front door of any school that was ordered by the federal courts to admit black students. During his inaugural speech five months before the standoff at the university, Wallace famously proclaimed, “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever.”James Hood (1943-2013)

James Hood left the school a few months after the historic day and moved to Michigan, where he finished out his undergraduate degree. He said he did so to avoid “a complete mental and physical breakdown,” according to the school website dedicated to a civil rights memorial named after Hood and Malone.

Hood returned to the University of Alabama three decades later to earn a doctorate in higher education in 1997.

University of Alabama President Judy Bonner issued a statement today honoring the civil rights figure.

“James Hood will be remembered for the courage and conviction he demonstrated as one of the first two African-American students to enroll at The University of Alabama,” Bonner said.

Wallace renounced his segregationist views before his death in 1998. Following his death, according to the New York Times, one of those who came to pay their respects to the former governor was James Hood.

“I think he made peace with God,” Hood told the paper.

The Truth Behind the Promise of “40 Acres and a Mule”

What happened to the “40 acres and a mule” that former slaves were promised? We’ve all heard the story of the “40 acres and a mule” promise to former slaves. It’s a staple of black history lessons.

40-acres-and-a-mule

The promise was the first systematic attempt to provide a form of reparations to newly freed slaves, and it was astonishingly radical for its time, proto-socialist in its  implications. In fact, such a policy would be radical in any country today: the federal government’s massive confiscation of private property — some 400,000 acres — formerly owned by Confederate land owners, and its methodical redistribution to former black slaves.

What most of us haven’t heard is that the idea really was generated by black leaders themselves. Try to imagine how profoundly different the history of race relations in the United States would have been had this policy been implemented and enforced; had the former slaves actually had access to the ownership of land, of property; if they had had a chance to be self-sufficient economically, to build, accrue and pass on wealth. After all, one of the principal promises of America was the possibility of average people being able to own land, and all that such ownership entailed. As we know all too well, this promise was not to be realized for the overwhelming majority of the nation’s former slaves, who numbered about 3.9 million.

What Exactly Was Promised?

We have been taught in school that the source of the policy of “40 acres and a mule” was Union General William T. Sherman’s Special Field Order No. 15, issued on Jan. 16, 1865. (That account is half-right: Sherman prescribed the 40 acres in that Order, but not the mule. The mule would come later.) What many accounts leave out is that this idea for massive land redistribution actually was the result of a discussion that Sherman and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton held four days before Sherman issued the Order, with 20 leaders of the black community, in Savannah, Ga., where Sherman was headquartered following his famous March to the Sea.
The Three Relevant Sections of the 40 Acre and a Mule Order:
Section One: “The islands from Charleston, south, the abandoned rice fields along the rivers for thirty miles back from the sea, and the country bordering the St. Johns river, Florida, are reserved and set apart for the settlement of the negroes [sic] now made free by the acts of war and the proclamation of the President of the United States.”
Section Two:  (Specifies that these new communities, moreover, would be governed entirely by black people themselves) ” … on the islands, and in the settlements hereafter to be established, no white person whatever, unless military officers and soldiers detailed for duty, will be permitted to reside; and the sole and exclusive management of affairs will be left to the freed people themselves … By the laws of war, and orders of the President of the United States, the negro [sic] is free and must be dealt with as such.”
Section Three: (Specifies the allocation of land) ” … each family shall have a plot of not more than (40) acres of tillable ground, and when it borders on some water channel, with not more than 800 feet water front, in the possession of which land the military authorities will afford them protection, until such time as they can protect themselves, or until Congress shall regulate their title.”  
(See Entire Order Here http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/40acres/ps_so15.html)
With this Order, 400,000 acres of land — “a strip of coastline stretching from Charleston, South Carolina, to the St. John’s River in Florida, including Georgia’s Sea Islands and the mainland thirty miles in from the coast,” as Barton Myers reports — would be redistributed to the newly freed slaves. The extent of this Order and its larger implications are mind-boggling, actually.
freedman bureau
Who Came Up With the Idea?
Abolitionists Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens and other Radical Republicans had been actively advocating land redistribution “to break the back of Southern slaveholders’ power,” as Myers observed. But Sherman’s plan only took shape after the meeting that he and Stanton held with those black ministers, at 8:00 p.m., Jan. 12, on the second floor of Charles Green’s mansion on Savannah’s Macon Street. In its broadest strokes, “40 acres and a mule” was their idea.

Stanton, aware of the great historical significance of the meeting, presented Henry Ward Beecher (Harriet Beecher Stowe’s famous brother) a verbatim transcript of the discussion, which Beecher read to his congregation at New York’s Plymouth Church and which the New York Daily Tribune printed in full in its Feb. 13, 1865, edition.

Stanton told Beecher that “for the first time in the history of this nation, the representatives of the government had gone to these poor debased people to ask them what they wanted for themselves.” Stanton had suggested to Sherman that they gather “the leaders of the local Negro community” and ask them something no one else had apparently thought to ask: “What do you want for your own people” following the war? And what they wanted astonishes us even today.

Who were these 20 thoughtful leaders who exhibited such foresight? They were all ministers, mostly Baptist and Methodist. Most curious of all to me is that 11 of the 20 had been born free in slave states, of which 10 had lived as free men in the Confederacy during the course of the Civil War. (The other one, a man named James Lynch, was born free in Maryland, a slave state, and had only moved to the South two years before.) The other nine ministers had been slaves in the South who became “contraband,” and hence free, only because of the Emancipation Proclamation, when Union forces liberated them. Their chosen leader and spokesman was a Baptist minister named Garrison Frazier, aged 67, who had been born in Granville, N.C., and was a slave until 1857, “when he purchased freedom for himself and wife for $1000 in gold and silver,” as the New York Daily Tribune reported.

Rev. Frazier had been “in the ministry for thirty-five years,” and it was he who bore the responsibility of answering the 12 questions that Sherman and Stanton put to the group. The stakes for the future of the Negro people were high. And Frazier and his brothers did not disappoint. What did they tell Sherman and Stanton that the Negro most wanted? Land! “The way we can best take care of ourselves,” Rev. Frazier began his answer to the crucial third question, “is to have land, and turn it and till it by our own labor … and we can soon maintain ourselves and have something to spare … We want to be placed on land until we are able to buy it and make it our own.” And when asked next where the freed slaves “would rather live — whether scattered among the whites or in colonies by themselves,” without missing a beat, Brother Frazier (as the transcript calls him) replied that “I would prefer to live by ourselves, for there is a prejudice against us in the South that will take years to get over … ” When polled individually around the table, all but one — James Lynch, 26, the man who had moved south from Baltimore — said that they agreed with Frazier. Four days later, Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 15, after President Lincoln approved it.

What Became of the Land That Was Promised?

The response to the Order was immediate. When the transcript of the meeting was reprinted in the black publication Christian Recorder, an editorial note intoned that “From this it will be seen that the colored people down South are not so dumb as many suppose them to be,” reflecting North-South, slave-free black class tensions that continued well into the modern civil rights movement. The effect throughout the South was electric: As Eric Foner explains, “the freedmen hastened to take advantage of the Order.” Baptist minister Ulysses L. Houston, one of the group that had met with Sherman, led 1,000 blacks to Skidaway Island, Ga., where they established a self-governing community with Houston as the “black governor.” And by June, “40,000 freedmen had been settled on 400,000 acres of ‘Sherman Land.’ ” By the way, Sherman later ordered that the army could lend the new settlers mules; hence the phrase, “40 acres and a mule.”

And what happened to this astonishingly visionary program, which would have fundamentally altered the course of American race relations? Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s successor and a sympathizer with the South, overturned the Order in the fall of 1865, and, as Barton Myers sadly concludes, “returned the land along the South Carolina, Georgia and Florida coasts to the planters who had originally owned it” — to the very people who had declared war on the United States of America.

Adapted from Article Authored by Henry Louis Gates Jr. ( the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and the director of the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African-American Research at Harvard University. He is also the editor-in-chief of website, The Root.)

Kwanzaa Workshop

Saturday, December 22, 2013 the Urban Art and Science Foundation will host a Free Kwanzaa Workshop. This workshop will educate on the Purpose, History, and Proper Recognition of its Principles.

Place: Sam Garcia Workshop
435 E. Western Ave
Avondale, AZ 85323
10:00am – 2:00pm

Call 480.359.7509 to Register Today!

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Meet the Black Olympians of the USA Teams 2012

Gold Medallist Tommie Smith, (center) and Bronze medallist John Carlos (right) showing the raised fist on the podium after the 200m in the 1968 Summer Olympics wearing Olympic Project for Human Rights badges. Silver medallist Peter Norman from Australia (left) joins them.

Womens Basketball

Seimone Augustus, age 28, studied at Louisiana State University
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/augustus-seimone-1133206/

Swin Cash, age 32, studied at University of Connecticut
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/cash-swin-1133425/

Tamika Catchings, age 33, studied at University of Tennessee
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/catchings-tamika-1133428/

Tina Charles, age 23, studied at University of Connecticut 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/charles-tina-1133450/

Sylvia Fowles, age 26, studied at Louisiana State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/fowles-sylvia-1132897/

Asjha Jones, age 31, studied at University of Connecticut 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/jones-asjha-1132255/

Angel McCoughtry, age 25, studied at University of Louisville
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/mccoughtry-angel-1131214/

Maya Moore, age 23, studied at University of Connecticut 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/moore-maya-1131345/

Candace Parker, age 26, studied at University of Tennessee 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/parker-candace-1131492/

**Women’s team scheduled to face Turkey on Wednesday, Aug. 1 at 10:30 p.m.

Men’s Basketball

Carmelo Anthony, age 28, studied at Syracuse University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/anthony-carmelo-1133184/

Kobe Bryant, age 33
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/bryant-kobe-1124720/

Tyson Chandler, age 29 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/chandler-tyson-1124775/

Anthony Davis, age 19, studied at University of Kentucky 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/davis-anthony-1284180/

Kevin Durant, age 23, studied at University of Texas
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/durant-kevin-1124764/

James Harden, age 22, studied at Arizona State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/harden-james-1237724/

Andre Iguodala, age 28, studied at University of Arizona 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/iguodala-andre-1124730/

LeBron James, age 27 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/james-lebron-1132190/

Chris Paul, age 27, studied at Wake Forest University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/paul-chris-1124686/

Russell Westbrook, age 23, studied at UCLA 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/westbrook-russell-1124672/

Deron Williams, age 28, studied at the University of Illinois 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/williams-deron-1124731/

Women’s Boxing

Quanitta Underwood, age 28 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/underwood-quanitta-1134186/

 

Clarissa Shields, age 17  (Won Gold for her Division of  Middle Weight 8/8/2012)

http://www.london2012.com/athlete/shields-claressa-1132139/

Men’s Boxing

Marcus Browne, age 21 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/browne-marcus-1133355/

Dominic Breazeale, age 26, studied at University of North Colorado
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/breazeale-dominic-1235859/
**Scheduled to box on Wednesday Aug. 1 at 3:30 p.m.    

Michael Hunter, age 24 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/hunter-ii-michael-1124723/
**Scheduled to box on Wednesday Aug. 1 at 2:30 p.m.

Terrell Gausha, age 24
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/gausha-terrell-1132937/

Jamel Herring, age 26 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/herring-jamel-1134753/

Errol Spence, age 22 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/spence-errol-1133773/

Rau’ Shee Warren age 23
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/warren-raushee-1135362/

Women’s Fencing

Maya Lawrence, age 32, studied at Columbia University
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/lawrence-maya-1132404/

Nzingha Prescod, age 19, studied at Columbia University
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/prescod-nzingha-1134168/

Men’s Fencing

Miles Chamley Watson, age 22, studied at Penn State University
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/chamley-watson-miles-1131809/

Daryl Homer, age 22, studied at St. John’s University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/homer-daryl-1131268/

Women’s Gymnastics

Gabrielle Douglas, age 16 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/douglas-gabrielle-1132742/

Men’s Gymnastics

John Orozco, age 19 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/orozco-john-1133634/

Men’s Rowing

David Banks, age 28, studied at Stanford University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/banks-david-1133221/

Women’s Soccer

Sydney Leroux, age 22, studied at UCLA
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/leroux-sydney-1130630/

Women’s Swimming

Lia Neal, age 17 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/neal-lia-1133103/

Men’s Swimming

Cullen Jones, age 28, studied at North Carolina State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/jones-cullen-1237821/

Anthony Ervin, age 31
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/ervin-anthony-1237576/

Taekwondo

Terrance Jennings, age 25, studied at Northern Virginia Community College 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/jennings-terrence-1132211/

Women’s Tennis

Serena Williams, age 30 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/williams-serena-1131104/

Venus Williams, age 32
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/williams-venus-1131109/

Men’s Tennis

Donald Young, age 23 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/young-donald-1135619/

Women’s Track and Field

Keisha Baker, age 24, studied at University of Oregon – 4×400 meter relay
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/baker-keshia-1133216/

Bridgette Barrett, age 21 – High Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/barrett-brigetta-1131820/

T’erea Brown, age 22, studied at University of Miami –  400 meter hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/brown-terea-1132758/

Michelle Carter, age 26, studied at University of Texas – Shot Put
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/carter-michelle-1124778/

Janet Cherobon-Bawcom, age 33 – Long Distance Running
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/cherobon-bawcom-janet-1284280/

Jessica Cosby, age 30, studied at UCLA – Women’s Hammer Throw
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/cosby-jessica-1135064/

Sharon Clay, age 27, studied at University of California-Poly – Heptathlon
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/day-sharon-1132681/

Janay Deloach, age 26, studied at Colorado State University – Long Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/deloach-janay-1132695/

Diamond Dixon, age 20 – 4×400 meter Relay
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/dixon-diamond-1289855/

Allyson Felix, age 26, studied at University of Southern California – 100 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/felix-allyson-1132858/

Chelsea Hayes, age 24 – Long Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/hayes-chelsea-1289859/

Carmelita Jeter, age 32, studied at California State University – 100 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/jeter-carmelita-1132223/

Alysia Johnson Montano, age 26, studied at University of California Poly – 800 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/johnson-montano-alysia-1132145/

Chantae McMillan, age 24 – Heptathlon
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/mcmillan-chantae-1289866/

Aretha Thurmond, age 35, studied at University of Washington – Discus Throw
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/thurmond-aretha-1133890/

Deedee Trotter, age 29, studied at University of Tennessee – 400 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/trotter-deedee-1131834/

Men’s Track and Field

Kerron Clement, age 23, studied at University of Florida – 400 meter Hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/clement-kerron-1132319/

Ashton Eaton, age 24, studied at University of Oregon – Decathlon
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/eaton-ashton-1132803/

Justin Gatlin, age 30, studied at University of Tennessee – 100 meter Hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/gatlin-justin-1132934/

Tyson Gay, age 29 – 100 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/gay-tyson-1284191/

Marquis Goodwin, age 21 – Long Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/goodwin-marquise-1284181/

Reese Hoffa, age 33, studied at University of Georgia – Shot Put
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/hoffa-reese-1134774/

George Kitchens, age 29 – Men’s Long Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/kitchens-george-1284288/

Erik Kynard, age 21, studied at Kansas State University – High Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/kynard-erik-1132385/

Lopez Lomong, age 27, studied at Northern Arizona University – 5000 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/lomong-lopez-1132453/

Tony McQuay, age 22, studied at the University of Florida – 400 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/mcquay-tony-1235744/

Aries Merritt, age 26, studied at University of Tennessee – 110 meter Hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/merritt-aries-1131270/

Lashawn Merritt, age 26, studied at Old Dominion University – 400 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/merritt-lashawn-1131818/

Manteo Mitchell, age 25 – 4×400 meter Relay
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/mitchell-manteo-1284291/

Maurice Mitchell, age 22, studied at Florida State University – 200 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/mitchell-maurice-1134178/

Jamie Nieto, age 35, studied at Eastern Michigan University – High Jump
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/nieto-jamie-1132195/

Darvis Patton, age 34, studied at Texas Christian University – 4×100 meter Relay
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/patton-darvis-1131841/

Jason Richardson, age 26, studied at University of South Carolina – 110 meter Hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/richardson-jason-1133547/

Khadevis Robinson, age 36, studied at California State – 800 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/robinson-khadevis-1130722/

Duane Solomon, age 27 – 800 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/solomon-duane-1284295/

Michael Tinsley, age 28, studied at Jackson State University – 400 meter Hurdles
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/tinsley-michael-1135605/

Isiah Young, age 22 – 200 meter
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/young-isiah-1295643/

Jason Young, age 31, studied at Texas Tech University – Discus Throw
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/young-jason-1124779/

Women’s Volleyball

Foluke Akinradewo, age 24, studied at Stanford University
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/akinradewo-foluke-1133141/

Tayyiba Haneef-Park, age 33, studied at Long Beach University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/haneef-park-tayyiba-1133051/

Megan Hodge, age 23, studied at Penn State 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/herring-jamel-1134753/

Destinee Hooker, age 24
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/hooker-destinee-1134789/

Danielle Scott-Arruda, age 39, studied at Long Beach State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/scott-arruda-danielle-1133665/

Men’s Weightlifting

Kendrick Farris, age 26, studied at Louisiana State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/farris-kendrick-1132313/

Women’s Wrestling

Kelsey Campbell, age 27, studied at Arizona State University 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/campbell-kelsey-1133411/

Men’s Wrestling

Dremiel Deshon Byers, age 37, studied at North Carolina A&T 
http://www.london2012.com/athlete/byers-dremiel-deshon-1133391/

The Negro Motorist Green-Book (1936)

Negro Motorist book used during Jim Crow Era…In 1936 a Harlem postal worker and activist named Victor H. Green decided to develop a guide that would help African Americans travel throughout the country in a safe and comfortable manner. The Negro Motorist Green Book (also called The Negro Travelers’ Green Book), often simply known as The Green Book, identified places that welcomed black people during an era when Jim Crow laws and de facto segregation made it difficult for them to travel domestically without fear of racial backlash.

The Green Book listed businesses and places of interest such as nightclubs, beauty salons, barbershops, gas stations and garages that catered to black road-trippers. For almost three decades, travelers could request (for just 10 cents’ postage) and receive a guide from Green. Eventually the guide expanded to encompass information about Canada and Mexico.

Like users of today’s popular recommendation sites such as TripAdvisor, travelers collected information during their journeys, which they shared with Green and his team of editors. The data were then incorporated into future editions. “Historically, The Green Book falls in line with the underreported activism of black postal workers and the heightened awareness of driving while black in certain regions of the country,” says Robert Smith, associate professor of African-American and civil rights history at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. “Although many think of this book in historical terms, the challenges facing black travelers then resonate with black travelers now, particularly as it relates to racial profiling and stop-and-frisk laws.”

Project Director

“With God, everything is possible!” is Mrs. Kathryn S. McKinney’s personal faith declaration. The firm belief that there are no impossibilities with God has enabled her to be a success at professional and ministerial endeavors she has embarked upon.

Growing up in the heart of Los Angeles, California and attending Langston University, a Historical Black University in Oklahoma, and later attending Azusa World Ministry Training Institute, in Phoenix, Arizona, has given her a broad prospective of her societal responsibilities. She has been inspired by an array of mentors from Myles Munroe and Maya Angelou, to Xan Lundgold.

Kathryn recognized that her desire to be a servant, coupled with her entrepreneurial spirit could purposefully integrate the world with God’s business!

Kathryn, during a 12-year career in nursing, became the Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities for the City of Glendale in Arizona.

During her career, she started Guardian’s Choice Healthcare, a staffing agency that met the healthcare needs of disabled children in the Glendale Unified High School District, the Upward Foundation, MGA Pediatric Home health, and various healthcare facilities and schools within the state of Arizona.

Kathryn authored the state’s nursing policy and procedure manual for schools that service children with disabilities.

Kathryn also pioneered the medical food and supply exchange, which services the low-income disabled children in the metro Phoenix, and Glendale areas.

Kathryn has gone on to diversified her portfolio by establishing Kat and Dodie’s Catering, in which she was employed by General Electric, America’s Baseball Camps, and Bio Source of Arizona.

While she feeds people naturally, she also feeds people spiritually and has created an inspirational section titled, “The Faith Forum” in the Write Up, an urban newspaper circulated throughout Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada.

Writing has proved to be a very effective method of ministry for Mrs. Kathryn S. McKinney, as it has enabled her to reach a diverse and national audience, through national magazines like the Black Atlas and her very own nationally acclaimed The International Black Women of Faith Association when she is the Founder / CEO.

Kathryn found a voice and a great joy in writing. She continues to inspire people on her internet blog at www.findyourpurposehere.com.

Through personal experience, she knows walking in purpose creates manifold blessings, and she strives to help others find that place of peace and increase.

Her passion for purposeful living prompted the creation of the International Black Women of Faith Association (BWF), Arizona’s largest social network of Black women, in October 2010.

As Founder, President and CEO, Kathryn brings awareness to women, by encouraging them to unearth, unveil, and uncover their own personal purpose through the thoughtful expression and exploration of their gifts and talents.

Kathryn proposes to cultivate a mindset of moral and social responsibility towards GOD first, our families, communities, and world.

She has been charged by God to gather women together online and off to uplift, their spirits through the BWF website and Facebook group pages that serve as a place of encouragement, intercessory prayer, and as an advertising platform for professional black executives of God.

Kathryn S. McKinney is an anointed woman of GOD highly sought after for strategies in consulting, planning, promotions, and directing of various events.

Kathryn knows that praise, prayer, and the pursuit of purpose, is what it will take to release our communities, our States, Our Nation and our world from bondage!

Kathryn knows the most important thing in our lives today is the praise and the worship of THE GOD of no impossibilities!

Adele Taylor Promotes Literacy

Instead of being concerned about parties, makeup or boys, sixteen-year-old Adele Taylor is concerned about teen literacy. When she was 13, she noticed that some of her classmates struggled in the area of reading. As she dug deeper, she realized that her peers’ inability to read was directly related to lack of access to books.

VIDEO: Adele Promotes Literacy

Since her discovery, the teen philanthropist has started her own book donation program called Adele’s Literacy Library. The goal of her non-profit organization is to empower everyone through reading and that’s exactly what she has been doing since 2008, delivering more than 5,000 books around Monroe Township, NJ.

Recently, Adele was recognized by Nickelodeon for her literacy advocacy work at the TeenNick HALO Awards.

In Adele’s own words: “Reading is the seed you plant that nurtures your roots into strong and thick branches of knowledge.”

For more about Adele Taylor’s literacy program visit: adelesliteracylibrary.org

Find original Story & Credits Here: http://www.blackcelebkids.com/2012/06/upcoming-adele-taylor-promotes-literacy/

 

50th Anniversary of Juneteenth Commemorated with Poem “Fifty Years” by James Weldon Johnson

James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 FIFTY YEARS
 (1863 - 1913)
 

O brothers mine, to-day we stand
  Where half a century sweeps our ken,
Since God, through Lincoln’s ready hand,
  Struck off our bonds and made us men.

Just fifty years—a winter’s day—
  As runs the history of a race;
Yet, as we look back o’er the way,
  How distant seems our starting place!

Look farther back! Three centuries!
  To where a naked, shivering score,
Snatched from their haunts across the seas,
  Stood, wild-eyed, on Virginia’s shore.

Far, far the way that we have trod,
  From heathen kraals and jungle dens,
To freedmen, freemen, sons of God,
  Americans and Citizens.

A part of His unknown design,
  We’ve lived within a mighty age;
And we have helped to write a line
  On history’s most wondrous page.

A few black bondmen strewn along
  The borders of our eastern coast,
Now grown a race, ten million strong,
  An upward, onward marching host.

Then let us here erect a stone,
  To mark the place, to mark the time;
A witness to God’s mercies shown,
  A pledge to hold this day sublime.

And let that stone an altar be,
  Whereon thanksgivings we may lay,
Where we, in deep humility,
  For faith and strength renewed may pray.

With open hearts ask from above
  New zeal, new courage and new pow’rs,
That we may grow more worthy of
  This country and this land of ours.

For never let the thought arise
  That we are here on sufferance bare;
Outcasts, asylumed ’neath these skies,
  And aliens without part or share.

This land is ours by right of birth,
  This land is ours by right of toil;
We helped to turn its virgin earth,
  Our sweat is in its fruitful soil.

Where once the tangled forest stood,—
  Where flourished once rank weed and thorn,—
Behold the path-traced, peaceful wood,
  The cotton white, the yellow corn.

To gain these fruits that have been earned,
  To hold these fields that have been won,
Our arms have strained, our backs have burned,
  Bent bare beneath a ruthless sun.

That Banner which is now the type
  Of victory on field and flood—
Remember, its first crimson stripe
  Was dyed by Attucks’ willing blood.

And never yet has come the cry—
  When that fair flag has been assailed—
For men to do, for men to die,
  That have we faltered or have failed.

We’ve helped to bear it, rent and torn,
  Through many a hot-breath’d battle breeze;
Held in our hands, it has been borne
  And planted far across the seas.

And never yet—O haughty Land,
  Let us, at least, for this be praised—
Has one black, treason-guided hand
  Ever against that flag been raised.

Then should we speak but servile words,
  Or shall we hang our heads in shame?
Stand back of new-come foreign hordes,
  And fear our heritage to claim?

No! stand erect and without fear,
  And for our foes let this suffice—
We’ve bought a rightful sonship here,
  And we have more than paid the price.

And yet, my brothers, well I know
  The tethered feet, the pinioned wings,
The spirit bowed beneath the blow,
  The heart grown faint from wounds and stings;

The staggering force of brutish might,
  That strikes and leaves us stunned and daezd;
The long, vain waiting through the night
  To hear some voice for justice raised.

Full well I know the hour when hope
  Sinks dead, and ’round us everywhere
Hangs stifling darkness, and we grope
  With hands uplifted in despair.

Courage! Look out, beyond, and see
  The far horizon’s beckoning span!
Faith in your God-known destiny!
  We are a part of some great plan.

Because the tongues of Garrison
  And Phillips now are cold in death,
Think you their work can be undone?
  Or quenched the fires lit by their breath?

Think you that John Brown’s spirit stops?
  That Lovejoy was but idly slain?
Or do you think those precious drops
  From Lincoln’s heart were shed in vain?

That for which millions prayed and sighed,
  That for which tens of thousands fought,
For which so many freely died,
  God cannot let it come to naught.